First medical aid in case of a heart attack
First medical aid in case of a heart attack
First medical aid in case of a heart attack. Like all organs, the heart also nurtures on blood. The aorta, leaving the heart muscle, branches and forms coronary arteries, which nourish the heart. Thus, any constriction or obstruction in these vessels leads to a disruption of the normal functioning of the heart. At those points where the blockage occurred, the cells of the heart muscle begin to die, as they remain without oxygen supply. In the absence of timely intervention, this part of the muscle dies out, eventually losing its functional abilities.

In that case, the sooner the patient's help is given, the better it is. However, how do we know if we ourselves experience a heart attack, or if someone else comes across it?

Main features

One of the most common signs of a heart attack is a chest pain, which extends toward the left arm. The pain is sharp, and often comes together with nausea, profuse sweating, dizziness. Sometimes patients suffering from gastric diseases, perceive a heart attack as a pain in the stomach, which contributes to slowing the onset of the stroke. In some patients, a heart attack leads to intermittent breathing; others do not have any symptoms at all. Thus, according to statistics, out of 5 cardiac infarcts, 1 passes weakly / without symptoms (which is considered as the most dangerous form of heart attack). It is for this reason that it can be stated that pain with a heart attack is a kind of "chance" for the patient.

I'm experiencing a heart attack ...

First of all, call the nearest person standing next to you. Call the ambulance. If you are alone, and do not ask for help, leave the doors open. Lie on your back (assuming that the upper part of your body will be upward-looking), and if possible, raise your legs. It is forbidden to be in an upright position, and also - take a shower to alleviate pain, or exercise. It will be useful to cough, holding your nose. If available, take an aspirin tablet. It is important to be maximally immobilized, so that the blood is scarcely supplied to other organs and the overstrain of the heart is being prevented.

What if the infarction occurred when I was driving?

If there is a sharp pain in the chest during driving, you should immediately take the car to the edge of the road and open the door. Faint can overtake you within 20 seconds. Therefore, you should go to the back seat, and raise your legs. In this condition, you will ensure a greater flow of blood to the heart. Cough with your nose blocked. If possible, call the ambulance. Passers-by who have seen you in this state will surely assist you. These actions will prolong your time and allow you to reach a specialized medical institution on time.

What if someone standing next to me experiences a heart attack?

First of all, call an ambulance. If you are not able to lift the patient, it will be sufficient to raise his legs and unfasten tight-seated garments. If available, give an aspirin tablet. Tell the patient to cough, block the nose, and breathe deeply. These actions will increase blood circulation and temporarily prevent the onset of a heart attack. Next, the patient should be taken to a specialized medical institution.

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